Generators serve a multitude of purposes and are extremely beneficial during times of natural disaster. They deliver fast and automatic power during power outages and blackouts, which are common in Florida due to the high frequency of hurricanes. In the situation of a blackout, generators can help families operate their entire home, including washers/dryers, refrigerators, air conditioning systems, computers and phones. We know how beneficial generators can be, but how exactly do they work? Let’s take a look.
What do generators do?
Surprisingly, generators don’t actually produce electricity. Instead, they convert mechanical or chemical energy into electricity. Generators do this by capturing the power of motion and turning it into electrical energy. Generators move a magnet near a wire to create a steady flow of electrons. The flow of electric charges can be stimulated by moving a wire that contains electric charges. This movement creates a voltage difference between the two ends of a wire, which causes the electric charges to flow the electrical current. Generators are a home of 9 different parts that play essential roles in getting power. These parts include:
The engine is the source of the input mechanical energy to the generator. The power and size of the engine determines how much electricity a generator can produce. The engine uses its fuel sources such as gasoline, diesel, propane to produce mechanical energy the generator will convert into electricity. Each engine is designed to reach the maximum supply electrical current.
The fuel system
The fuel system allows generators to create the energy they need. The system includes (1) a fuel tank that stores enough fuel to power a generator, (2) a fuel pipe that connects the tank and engine, (3) the fuel pump that moves the fuel from the tank through the fuel pipe and engine, (4) a fuel filter that filters any debris before delivering fuel to the engine, and (5) the fuel injector that sprays the fuel and injects it directly into the engine.
This is the component where conversion from mechanical energy to electrical energy takes place. The alternator contains a set of coils and the rotor that works together to create the electromagnetic fields and movement of electrons.
The voltage regulator
This component works as a controller of the electrical voltages that are produced in the alternator.
The control panel
The control panel controls every aspect of generator operation from the time you turn it on to the time you shut it down.
The cooling and exhaust system
While producing power, generators produce a large amount of heat as well. The cooling system is designed to make sure the generator doesn’t overheat, and the exhaust system is designed to direct and remove smoke that forms during the operation.
The lubricating system
The generator includes many moving parts. It is crucial for it to have durability and smooth operation. The lubricating system makes sure it lubricates all the moving parts with engine oil, and help the generator operate smoothly without excess wear.
The battery charger
The battery operation is responsible for the generator to turn on. Battery chargers in generators are fully automatic, and they always ensure that the batteries are ready to start up whenever needed to operate the generators.
Are you currently looking for the right generator for your home or a generator repair in Vero Beach? Contact Energized Generators at 772-466-1095 for a free estimate and any questions you may have!